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Geography

History and Geography is taught in alternate half termly blocks for one afternoon a week.  We have lots of exciting topics that are in line with the new National Curriculum, based around the Focus Education resources.  Each topic revolves around a key question, starting with a ‘wow starter’ that engages the children.  For example, ‘Why is the Wii more fun than Grandma and Grandad’s toys?’ and ‘Will you ever see the water you drink again?’.  We strive to make the lessons as exciting and interactive for the children by incorporating a variety of school trips and outdoor learning with opportunities to use a range of skills.

 

In Geography in Key Stage 1 pupils should be taught to:

  • Name and locate the world's continents and oceans. 
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capitals cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography  of a small area of the United Kingdom and of a contrasting non-European country. 
  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patters in the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to ...

       - key physical features, including: beach, coast, forest, hill, mountain, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation and weather.
      - key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office and shop.

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studies at this key stage.
  • Simple compass directions and locational language to describe the location features and routes on a map.
  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic physical features; devise a simple map and use and construct basic symbols in a key.
  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

In Geography in Key Stage 2 pupils should be taught to:

  • Locate the world's countries using maps. Focusing on Europe and North and South America, whilst concentrating on: their environmental regions; key physical and human characteristics; countries and their major cities. 
  • Name and locate countries and cities of the UK; geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics; key topographical features and land use patterns and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. 
  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, the Equator, the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, the Arctic and Antarctic Circles and time zones.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the UK, a region or area in a European country and a region or area within North or South America.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of...

      - Physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
     - Human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity (including trade links) and the distribution of natural resources such as energy, food, minerals and water supplies. 

  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
  • Use the eight points of a compass, four figure grid references, symbols and keys (including Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the UK and wider world.
  • Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketching maps, plans and graphs and using digital technologies. 
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